. But america's initial easy victory is in sharp contrast to the difficulties it faces today in confronting the Taliban resurgence. Originally published in 2002, stephen Tanner's Afghanistan has now been completely updated to include the crucial turn of events since America first entered the country.
Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton Studies in Muslim PoliticsPrinceton University Press #ad - Afghanistan is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how a land conquered and ruled by foreign dynasties for more than a thousand years became the "graveyard of empires" for the British and Soviets, and what the United States must do to avoid a similar fate. He examines why the american invasion in the wake of September 11 toppled the Taliban so quickly, and how this easy victory lulled the United States into falsely believing that a viable state could be built just as easily.
Afghanistan traces the historic struggles and the changing nature of political authority in this volatile region of the world, from the Mughal Empire in the sixteenth century to the Taliban resurgence today. Thomas barfield introduces readers to the bewildering diversity of tribal and ethnic groups in Afghanistan, explaining what unites them as Afghans despite the regional, cultural, and political differences that divide them.
Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics #ad - Armed insurgency proved remarkably successful against the foreign occupiers, but it also undermined the Afghan government's authority and rendered the country ever more difficult to govern as time passed. He shows how governing these peoples was relatively easy when power was concentrated in a small dynastic elite, but how this delicate political order broke down in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries when Afghanistan's rulers mobilized rural militias to expel first the British and later the Soviets.
Barfield vividly describes how afghanistan's armed factions plunged the country into a civil war, giving rise to clerical rule by the Taliban and Afghanistan's isolation from the world.
Taliban: Militant Islam, Oil and Fundamentalism in Central Asia, Second EditionYale University Press #ad - Correspondent ahmed rashid brings the shadowy world of the Taliban—the world’s most extreme and radical Islamic organization—into sharp focus in this enormously insightful book. He offers the only authoritative account of the taliban available to English-language readers, explaining the Taliban’s rise to power, its role in oil and gas company decisions, its impact on Afghanistan and the region, and the effects of changing American attitudes toward the Taliban.
He also describes the new face of Islamic fundamentalism and explains why Afghanistan has become the world center for international terrorism. New to this updated edition of the #1 New York Times Bestseller with more than 1. 5 million copies sold worldwide:o how the taliban has regained its strengtho how and why the taliban has spread across Central Asiao How the Taliban has helped Al’Qaida’s spread into Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and the Far Easto Why the Afghan people feel the United States is losing the waro A major new introduction and an all-new final chapter.
In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in AfghanistanW. W. Norton & Company #ad - But jones argues that as early as 2001 planning for the Iraq War siphoned off resources and talented personnel, undermining the gains that had been made. In the graveyard of empires is a political history of afghanistan in the “Age of Terror” from 2001 to 2009, exploring the fundamental tragedy of America’s longest war since Vietnam.
After a brief survey of the great empires in Afghanistan—the campaigns of Alexander the Great, the British in the era of Kipling, and the late Soviet Union—Seth G. It established security throughout the country—killing, capturing, or scattering most of al Qa’ida’s senior operatives—and Afghanistan finally began to emerge from more than two decades of struggle and conflict.
In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan #ad - Jones examines the central question of our own war: how did an insurgency develop? Following the September 11 attacks, the United States successfully overthrew the Taliban regime. A definitive account of the American experience in Afghanistan from the rise of the Taliban to the depths of the insurgency.
After the swift defeat of the taliban in 2001, american optimism has steadily evaporated in the face of mounting violence; a new “war of a thousand cuts” has now brought the country to its knees. Harnessing important new research and integrating thousands of declassified government documents, Jones then analyzes the insurgency from a historical and structural point of view, poor security forces, and pervasive corruption undermined the Karzai government, while Americans abandoned a successful strategy, showing how a rising drug trade, failed to provide the necessary support, and allowed a growing sanctuary for insurgents in Pakistan to catalyze the Taliban resurgence.
Examining what has worked thus far—and what has not—this serious and important book underscores the challenges we face in stabilizing the country and explains where we went wrong and what we must do if the United States is to avoid the disastrous fate that has befallen many of the great world powers to enter the region.
After eight years, he says, the united states has managed to push al Qa’ida’s headquarters about one hundred miles across the border into Pakistan, the distance from New York to Philadelphia.
The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan WarTales End Press #ad - For ten years the Mujahideen fought a military superpower that had invaded their homeland. There are 89 tactical battle maps, and a glossary of Mujahideen and Soviet Army terminology and map symbols. Each vignette includes an after-action analysis by the authors, pointing out where each side succeeded or failed in its mission.
The authors interviewed mujahideen commanders and fighters, rocket attacks, who describe over 100 guerrilla actions, strongpoint sieges, including ambushes, hit-and-run raids, urban combat, fighting off heliborne assaults, and last-ditch defenses of their hidden mountain bases. This is a companion piece to “the bear went Over the Mountain: Soviet Combat Tactics in Afghanistan, ” which tells the story from the other side of the war.
Table of contents: • introduction • foreword • acknowledgements • preface • chapter 1: ambushes • chapter 2: raids • chapter 3: shelling attacks • chapter 4: attacking a strong point • chapter 5: mine warfare • chapter 6: blocking enemy lines of communication • chapter 7: Siege Warfare • Chapter 8: Defending Against Raids • Chapter 9: Fighting Heliborne Insertions • Chapter 10: Defending Against a Cordon and Search • Chapter 11: Defending Base Camps • Chapter 12: Counterambushes • Chapter 13: Fighting in an Encirclement • Chapter 14: Urban Combat • Chapter 15: Conclusion • Glossary • Symbols Library • About the Authors.
The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan War #ad - This book tells the story of the Soviet-Afghan war in the words of the Mujahideen guerrillas themselves. A final chapter analyzes how a decentralized foot-mobile insurgent force could defeat a modern fully-mechanized army that had overwhelming artillery and air support. Outnumbered and outgunned, they used classic guerrilla tactics to gradually wear down and finally defeat the Soviet army.
Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central AsiaPenguin Books #ad - Descent into chaos will do for central asia what thomas Rick’s Fiasco did for Iraq — offer a blistering critique of the Bush administration and an impassioned call to correct our failed strategy in the region. The #1 new york times bestselling author provides a shocking analysis of the crisis in Pakistan and the renewed radicalism threatening Afghanistan and the West.
Ahmed rashid is “pakistan’s best and bravest reporter” Christopher Hitchens. Now, rashid examines the region and the corridors of power in Washington and Europe to see how the promised nation building in these countries has pro-gressed. His conclusions are devastating: an unstable and nuclear-armed Pakistan, a renewed al’ Qaeda profiting from a booming opium trade, and a Taliban resurgence and reconquest.
His unique knowledge of this vast and complex region allows him a panoramic vision and nuance that no Western writer can emulate. Rashid assesses what her death means for the region and the future. His book taliban first introduced American readers to the brutal regime that hijacked Afghanistan and harbored the terrorist group responsible for the 9/11 attacks.
Descent into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia #ad - Rashid has unparalleled access to the figures in this global drama, and provides up-to-the-minute analysis better than anyone else. While iraq continues to attract most of american media and military might, Rashid argues that Pakistan and Afghanistan are where the conflict will finally be played out and that these failing states pose a graver threat to global security than the Middle East.
Benazir bhutto’s assassination and the crisis in Pakistan are only the beginning.
The Bear Went Over the Mountain: Soviet Combat Tactics in AfghanistanTales End Press #ad - It contains a series of tactical vignettes, each describing a single military operation in the words of one of the officers in charge. Their premier army training center, the Frunze Military Academy, produced this book to capture the lessons learned from the Soviet-Afghan war. The operations range from convoy escorts and the defense of isolated outposts all the way up to major combined-arms sweeps and airborne assaults on Mujahideen training centers.
When the soviet union invaded afghanistan in 1979, they soon realized that their army had the wrong equipment, the wrong training, and the wrong tactics to fight the Mujahideen. There are 45 tactical battle maps, and a glossary of Soviet Army terminology and map symbols. This is a companion piece to “the other side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan War, ” which tells the story from the other side of the war.
The Bear Went Over the Mountain: Soviet Combat Tactics in Afghanistan #ad - Table of contents: • foreword • acknowledgements • introduction • preface • frunze comments • frunze foreword • chapter 1: blocking and destroying guerrilla bands • chapter 2: the offensive in populated Areas and Mountains • Chapter 3: The Application of Tactical Air Assaults • Chapter 4: Defense and Outpost Security • Chapter 5: March and Convoy Escort • Chapter 6: Conducting Ambushes • Chapter 7: And in Conclusion • Glossary • About the Authors • Map Symbols • Maps of Afghanistan.
The success or failure of each operation is analyzed by the Frunze military staff, and also by Lester W. Grau, who translated the work into English and is an accomplished military analyst and historian. This book is therefore unique in supplying both Soviet and Western military perspectives on guerrilla warfare and counter-insurgency operations in Afghanistan.
The Last Warlord: The Life and Legend of Dostum, the Afghan Warrior Who Led US Special Forces to Topple the Taliban ReChicago Review Press #ad - With the united states drawing down troops in 2014 and dostum poised to re-enter the world stage to fight a resurgent Taliban, The Last Warlord is vital to understanding Afghanistan’s warlord culture and how it factors into Afghanistan’s past and future. What emerges is an intensely personal account of the Mongol warlord, detailing his childhood, motivations, hopes for his country, and conviction that it is time for a new generation of Western-trained technocrats to shape his country’s destiny.
Troops in 2014 and dostum poised to reenter the world stage to fight a resurgent Taliban, this timely analysis provides important historical context to the controversy swirling around Afghanistan’s warlord culture and is an essential contribution to the debate on Afghanistan’s future. The result was one of the most decisive campaigns in the entire war on terror.
The Last Warlord: The Life and Legend of Dostum, the Afghan Warrior Who Led US Special Forces to Topple the Taliban Re #ad - In contrast to sensational media accounts that have mythologized the “bear of a man with a gruff laugh” who “some Uzbeks swear, has on occasion frightened people to death, ” Williams carefully chronicles Dostum’s rise from peasant villager to Uzbek leader and skilled strategist who has fought a long and bitter war against the Taliban and Al Qaeda fanatics that have sought to repress his people.
Also revealed is dostum’s surprising history as a defender of women’s rights and religious moderation. In riveting detail the last warlord spotlights the crucial afghan contribution to operation enduring Freedom: how the CIA contacted the mysterious warrior Dostum to help US Special Forces wage a covert war in the mountains of Afghanistan, how respect and even friendship quickly grew between the Afghan and American fighting men, and how Dostum led his nomadic people charging into war the same way his ancestors had—on horseback.
The last warlord shows that, far from serving as an exotic backdrop for American heroics, it was these horse-mounted descendents of the Mongol warrior Genghis Khan that allowed the American military to overthrow the Taliban regime in a matter of weeks. The last warlord tells the spellbinding story of the legendary Afghan warlord Abdul Rashid Dostum, a larger-than-life figure who guided US Special Forces to victory over the Taliban after 9/11.
Afghanistan: A History from 1260 to the PresentReaktion Books #ad - Lee also sheds new light on the country’s foreign relations, its internal power struggles and the impact of foreign military interventions such as the ‘War on Terror’. Its ancient trade routes and strategic position between India, China, Inner Asia, Persia and beyond has meant the region has been subject to frequent invasions.
Lee places the current conﬂict in Afghanistan in its historical context and challenges many of the West’s preconceived ideas about the country. Lee chronicles the region’s monarchic rules and the durrani dynasty, ethnic, regional and religious factions, focusing on the reigns of each ruler and their efforts to balance tribal, moving on to the struggle for social and constitutional reform and the rise of Islamic and Communist factions.
Afghanistan: A History from 1260 to the Present #ad - He offers new cultural and political insights from Persian histories, British government and India Ofﬁce archives, the memoirs of Afghan government ofﬁcials, recently released CIA reports and WikiLeaks documents. Modern afghanistan is a culturally and ethnically diverse country, but one divided by conﬂict, political instability and by mass displacements of its people.
Jonathan L. Located at the intersection of Asia and the Middle East, Afghanistan has been strategically important for thousands of years.
Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and bin Laden, from the Soviet Invas ion to September 10, 2001Penguin Books #ad - Based on scrupulous research and firsthand accounts by key government, the rise of the Taliban, the emergence of bin Laden, Ghost Wars details the secret history of the CIA’s role in Afghanistan including its covert operations against Soviet troops from 1979 to 1989, intelligence, and military personnel both foreign and American, and the failed efforts by U.
S. Forces to find and assassinate bin Laden in Afghanistan. Winner of the 2005 pulitzer prizefrom the award-winning and bestselling author of directorate s, the explosive first-hand account of America's secret history in AfghanistanTo what extent did America’s best intelligence analysts grasp the rising thread of Islamist radicalism? Who tried to stop bin Laden and why did they fail? Comprehensively and for the first time, Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Steve Coll recounts the history of the covert wars in Afghanistan that fueled Islamic militancy and sowed the seeds of the September 11 attacks.
Massoud: An Intimate Portrait of the Legendary Afghan LeaderWebster University Press #ad - Today, massoud is considered the national hero of Afghanistan and the September 9th anniversary of his death is a national holiday there. Ahmad shah massoud was assassinated by Al Qaeda suicide bombers posing as journalists just two days before the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Grad spent over four years interviewing a diverse group of Afghans who were commanders, women of the resistance, members of the mujahideen, personal secretaries, envoys, and members of Massoud’s family.
It is widely believed that Massoud was killed to help pave the way for 9/11. Author and translator marcela grad explores the life of the late afghan leader, through personal stories told to her by those who accompanied Massoud during his struggle to liberate Afghanistan from the Soviet invasion and the Taliban, Ahmad Shah Massoud, and by others from around the world who knew and helped Massoud.